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21世紀大學英語讀寫教程第一冊 Unit3

時間:2006-02-21 16:00來源:互聯網 提供網友:yxdzgd5   字體: [ ]
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Unit 3

Text A

Listening

First Listening
Before listening to the tape, have a quick look at the following word.

amaze
使驚羨

drum


harmonica
口琴

rock and roll music
搖滾樂

porch
門廊

audition1
試唱

hit
轟動一時的人(或事、物)

album
集錦密紋唱片

influential2
有影響的

encounter
遭到

charts
排行榜

Second Listening
Listen to the tape again. Then, choose the best answer to each of the following questions.

1. The main purpose of the listening passage is________.
A) to give an overview3 of Stevie Wonder's life and career
B) to analyze4 Stevie Wonder's most popular albums
C) to discuss different types of music in the U.S.
D) to discuss the status of blind people in the U.S.
2. Stevie's career as a pop musician can be described as________.
A) a long struggle to gain fame
B) great success from a young age on
C) a long but unremarkable career
D) early popularity that didn't last
3. Which of the following problems did Stevie NOT have to overcome?
A) Being born poor and blind.
B) An unhappy childhood.
C) A serious car accident.
D) Both A) and B).
4. Which of the following best describes Stevie Wonder?
A) A musician who sings mostly about love and romance.
B) A musician who is popular because he is blind.
C) A man who has been very successful despite many obstacles.
D) A typical poor black person in the U.S..

Pre-reading Questions

1. Do you know who Stevie Wonder is? What do you know about him and his accomplishments5?
2. Besides Stevie Wonder, what other people with physical disabilities do you know about who have achieved fame and success? Describe who they are and what they have done.
3. How do you think you would feel if you became blind? How would it affect your life?

Stevie Wonder: Sunshine in the Shadow

When Stevie Morris was born, on May 13, 1950, the doctors shook their heads and told the mother that her son was born blind and likely would always be that way. She broke into tears.
Blind and black and poor — what kind of life could this new infant have? In her wildest dreams, Mrs. Morris could never have imagined that her new baby would become a famous musician called Stevie Wonder. At the time, all she could do was pray — and worry.
Stevie himself didn't worry at all. Life was too full. He was brought up among church-going people whose faith helped them bear the poverty. He loved music and would pound spoons or forks on any surface that faintly resembled a drum.
He even ran and played with sighted children. "I didn't realize I was blind until I was about four," he says. That might sound strange. To a small child just learning about the world, it wasn't strange at all. Stevie heard and smelled and touched. As far as he knew, that was all anyone could do. That was life.
When Stevie's mother got tired of her tables being used for drums, she bought him a toy set. He played so hard that he had actually worn the toy out within a few weeks. Other toy sets followed; then an uncle added a toy harmonica, and Stevie learned to play it so quickly that everyone was amazed.
Stevie taught himself to play the piano as quickly as he had once learned the harmonica. With friends, he began playing rock and roll music. They performed on the front porch of Stevie's apartment building, drawing crowds of neighbors to watch and listen and clap time to the beat.
"I loved that beat," Stevie says. He not only loved the beat, he was very good at making it.
Ronnie White, of the Miracles singing group, heard Stevie and promptly6 took him down to his recording7 company, Motown Records.
"Give him an audition," Ronnie said. They did. All the top people at Motown got together to hear a little blind boy who wasn't even ten years old yet. At first, they were being nice. Poor kid. They didn't want to hurt his feelings.
Then they heard Stevie sing and play, and nobody said "poor kid" anymore. They were too busy congratulating themselves on finding a youngster who could be the musical talent of the decade. "He's a wonder boy," somebody said as they watched little Stevie dart8 from one instrument to the next, playing each one with ease.
"Wonder," somebody else said, "Little Stevie Wonder."
The new name stuck and Stevie Morris became Little Stevie Wonder. He had his first hit when he was twelve years old. It was called "Fingertips" and it was a smash.
Over the following years, Little Stevie Wonder became one of the top recording artists at Motown, producing one hit after another. But as he grew into adulthood9, Stevie began to get tired of the way the Motown company controlled all aspects of his career. He wanted to write and produce his own songs, but the Motown company thought it was unwise to change a winning formula.
When he turned 21, Stevie finally got his freedom. Against Motown's wishes he started exploring: he made records that combined gospel, rock and roll, and jazz and which used African and Latin American rhythms. To the record company's surprise, Stevie's new albums such as "Music of My Mind" and "Innervisions" were even more popular than his early ones. Stevie Wonder had become a mature man and an independent musical artist.
Just after this success, however, tragedy struck. In August of 1973, Stevie was involved in a serious car accident. For nearly a week he lay in a coma10, unable to speak or walk. "We don't know when he'll be out of danger," the doctor said. Everyone waited and prayed. Suddenly, it didn't matter that Stevie was a musical genius or that he had conquered blindness and poverty. All he had left was his faith and strong will.
That turned out to be enough. Stevie fought back from the shadow of death as he had once fought out from the shadow of blindness. He went on to give more performances, make more hit records.
The car accident changed Stevie by making him reevaluate his goals in life. He still loved to make music, but he also started to pay more attention to the world outside. He worked to create a national holiday to honor the civil rights leader Dr.Martin Luther King, Jr.. He recorded songs urging racial harmony and raised money to end world hunger. Recently, Stevie was honored by South African president Nelson Mandela for his work against that country's system of racial apartheid.
Stevie Wonder has faith and fame, wealth and love. He has not only conquered his own darkness, but through his music and his social activities he has been able to bring sunshine to the shadow of many other lives.
(834 words)

New Words

sunshine
n. the light and heat of the sun 陽光

infant
n. a very young child 嬰兒

musician
n. a person who performs on a musical instrument, or who writes music 樂師,作曲家

pray
vi. (for, to) speak to God in order to give thanks or to ask for help 祈禱,祈求

spoon
n. 匙,調羹

faintlh
ad. slightly; mildly 輕微地;微弱地

resemble
vt. look or be like 像,類似

drum
n. 鼓

tire
v. (使)感到疲勞;(使)厭倦,(使)厭煩

harmonica
n. 口琴

amaze
vt. fill with great surprise; cause wonder in 使驚奇;使驚羨

*porch
n. (建筑物前有頂的)門廊,入口處

apartment
n. 公寓大樓;一套公寓房間

clap
vi. applaud 拍手
miracle
n. 奇跡

promptly
ad. immediately and without any delay 迅速地,及時地

audition
n. (對志愿藝人等的)面試(指試讀、試唱、試奏等)

kid
n. a child 小孩

congratulate
vt. speak to (a person) with praise and admiration11 for a happy event or sth. successfully done 祝賀

youngster
n. a young person, esp. a boy 年輕人;男孩

talent
n. 1. a special ability or skill 天才,天資;超常智能
2. people of such ability 人才

decade
n. a period of 10 years 十年(期)

*dart
vi. move suddenly and quickly 猛沖,飛奔

instrument
n. 樂器;儀器;器具;器械

ease
n. 1. freedom from difficulty 容易
2. freedom from discomfort13, pain or worry 安適;悠閑;無痛苦;無憂慮

fingertip
n. the end of a finger 指尖

smash
n. 轟動的演出,巨大的成功
v. (cause to) break into pieces violently 打碎,粉碎

adulthood
n. 成年

aspect
n. a particular part or feature of sth. being considered 方面

career
n. a profession or occupation with opportunities for advancement14 or promotion15 職業;生涯

formula
n. 公式,程式;準則,方案

explore
v. 探索;探測;勘探

gospel
n. (= gospel music) 福音音樂(美國黑人的一種宗教音樂,具有爵士音樂和美國黑人傷感歌曲色彩)

jazz
n. 爵士音樂

rhythm
n. 節奏;韻律

*album
n. 1. a long-playing record with several items by the same performer (同一表演者的)集錦密紋唱片
2. a book with blank pages for stamps, photographs, etc. 集郵冊,相冊

mature
a. fully12 grown or developed mentally or physically16 充分發育的;(智力或體力)成熟的

independent
a. 獨立的,自主的

tragedy
n. 1. a terrible event that causes great sadness 慘事,災變
2. a serious play with a sad ending 悲劇

involve
vt. 使陷入,使卷入;牽扯,連累

coma
n. 昏迷

musical
a. of or for music 音樂的

genius
n. 天才;創造能力;天才人物

conquer
vt. gain control over (sth. unfriendly or difficult) 征服;克服(困難等)

performance
n. the acting17 of a play, the playing of a piece of music, the doing of a dance, etc., in front of an audience 演出,表演,演奏

reevaluate
vt. 重新評價

goal
n. 1. an end; objective 目的;目標
2.(足球等的)球門;得分進球

hunger
n. state of not having enough to eat; lack of food 饑餓

urge
vt. 力勸;懇求;敦促

racial
a. characteristic of race; due to or resulting from race 種族的;由種族引起的

harmony
n. agreement (of feelings, interests, opinions, etc.) 和睦,融洽,一致

apartheid
n. (南非的)種族隔離

fame
n. the condition of being known or talked about a lot 名聲,名望

activity
n. 活動;行動

Phrases and Exgressions

break into
begin suddenly (to cry, sing, laugh, etc.) 突然(哭、唱、笑)起來

bring up
take care of during infancy18 and childhood; nurse and educate 撫養;養育

as far as
to the degree that 就…;盡…;至于

get tired of
be no longer interested in 厭倦,厭煩

wear out
make useless by use 把…用壞;把…穿破

with ease
without difficulty 容易地,無困難地

grow into
become gradually with the passage of time 成長的

congratulate oneself on /that ...
因…而暗自慶幸

Proper Names

Stevie Wonder
史蒂威·旺達(人名)

Morris
莫里斯(姓氏)

Ronnie White
羅尼·懷特(人名)

Motown Records
莫頓唱片公司

Innervisions
《內心幻覺》(唱片名)

Martin Luther King, Jr.
小馬丁·路德·金(1929 — 1968,美國民權運動領袖)

Nelson Mandela
納爾遜·曼德拉(1918 —,南非共和國總統)


點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 audition 8uazw     
n.(對志愿藝人等的)面試(指試讀、試唱等)
參考例句:
  • I'm going to the audition but I don't expect I'll get a part.我去試音,可并不指望會給我個角色演出。
  • At first,they said he was too young,but later they called him for an audition.起初,他們說他太小,但后來他們叫他去試聽。
2 influential l7oxK     
adj.有影響的,有權勢的
參考例句:
  • He always tries to get in with the most influential people.他總是試圖巴結最有影響的人物。
  • He is a very influential man in the government.他在政府中是個很有影響的人物。
3 overview 8mrz1L     
n.概觀,概述
參考例句:
  • The opening chapter gives a brief historical overview of transport.第一章是運輸史的簡要回顧。
  • The seminar aims to provide an overview on new media publishing.研討會旨在綜覽新興的媒體出版。
4 analyze RwUzm     
vt.分析,解析 (=analyse)
參考例句:
  • We should analyze the cause and effect of this event.我們應該分析這場事變的因果。
  • The teacher tried to analyze the cause of our failure.老師設法分析我們失敗的原因。
5 accomplishments 1c15077db46e4d6425b6f78720939d54     
n.造詣;完成( accomplishment的名詞復數 );技能;成績;成就
參考例句:
  • It was one of the President's greatest accomplishments. 那是總統最偉大的成就之一。
  • Among her accomplishments were sewing,cooking,playing the piano and dancing. 她的才能包括縫紉、烹調、彈鋼琴和跳舞。 來自《現代英漢綜合大詞典》
6 promptly LRMxm     
adv.及時地,敏捷地
參考例句:
  • He paid the money back promptly.他立即還了錢。
  • She promptly seized the opportunity his absence gave her.她立即抓住了因他不在場給她創造的機會。
7 recording UktzJj     
n.錄音,記錄
參考例句:
  • How long will the recording of the song take?錄下這首歌得花多少時間?
  • I want to play you a recording of the rehearsal.我想給你放一下彩排的錄像。
8 dart oydxK     
v.猛沖,投擲;n.飛鏢,猛沖
參考例句:
  • The child made a sudden dart across the road.那小孩突然沖過馬路。
  • Markov died after being struck by a poison dart.馬爾科夫身中毒鏢而亡。
9 adulthood vKsyr     
n.成年,成人期
參考例句:
  • Some infantile actions survive into adulthood.某些嬰兒期的行為一直保持到成年期。
  • Few people nowadays are able to maintain friendships into adulthood.如今很少有人能將友誼維持到成年。
10 coma vqxzR     
n.昏迷,昏迷狀態
參考例句:
  • The patient rallied from the coma.病人從昏迷中蘇醒過來。
  • She went into a coma after swallowing a whole bottle of sleeping pills.她吃了一整瓶安眠藥后就昏迷過去了。
11 admiration afpyA     
n.欽佩,贊美,羨慕
參考例句:
  • He was lost in admiration of the beauty of the scene.他對風景之美贊不絕口。
  • We have a great admiration for the gold medalists.我們對金牌獲得者極為敬佩。
12 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,徹底地;充分地
參考例句:
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.醫生讓我先吸氣,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他們很快就完全融入了當地人的圈子。
13 discomfort cuvxN     
n.不舒服,不安,難過,困難,不方便
參考例句:
  • One has to bear a little discomfort while travelling.旅行中總要忍受一點不便。
  • She turned red with discomfort when the teacher spoke.老師講話時她不好意思地紅著臉。
14 advancement tzgziL     
n.前進,促進,提升
參考例句:
  • His new contribution to the advancement of physiology was well appreciated.他對生理學發展的新貢獻獲得高度贊賞。
  • The aim of a university should be the advancement of learning.大學的目標應是促進學術。
15 promotion eRLxn     
n.提升,晉級;促銷,宣傳
參考例句:
  • The teacher conferred with the principal about Dick's promotion.教師與校長商談了迪克的升級問題。
  • The clerk was given a promotion and an increase in salary.那個職員升了級,加了薪。
16 physically iNix5     
adj.物質上,體格上,身體上,按自然規律
參考例句:
  • He was out of sorts physically,as well as disordered mentally.他渾身不舒服,心緒也很亂。
  • Every time I think about it I feel physically sick.一想起那件事我就感到極惡心。
17 acting czRzoc     
n.演戲,行為,假裝;adj.代理的,臨時的,演出用的
參考例句:
  • Ignore her,she's just acting.別理她,她只是假裝的。
  • During the seventies,her acting career was in eclipse.在七十年代,她的表演生涯黯然失色。
18 infancy F4Ey0     
n.嬰兒期;幼年期;初期
參考例句:
  • He came to England in his infancy.他幼年時期來到英國。
  • Their research is only in its infancy.他們的研究處于初級階段。
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