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【趣談英語】“和”的符號是怎么來的?-How the Ampersand Got its Name

時間:2016-01-07 03:06來源:互聯網 提供網友:yajing   字體: [ ]
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    (單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
Pre-Listening Vocabulary
 
ampersand: a symbol for “et” meaning “and”
cursive: handwriting
recite: to say
per se: by of or in itself; as such
slur1: to say words quickly so that they run together
 


圖片1

 

How the Ampersand Got its Name

Once upon a time, in the 19th century, the ampersand was included in the alphabet. The ampersand originated2 as a cursive e beside a cursive t, which meant “and” in Latin. When reciting the alphabet in English, it became customary3 for students to include single letters that were also words. At the end of the alphabet, students would say “X,Y,Z and, per se, & (and)”. Eventually, students slurred4 that last bit together to create the word “ampersand”. While this custom eventually fell out of use, the ampersand is still used today for stylistic reasons or to write “and” in short form.


點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 slur WE2zU     
v.含糊地說;詆毀;連唱;n.詆毀;含糊的發音
參考例句:
  • He took the remarks as a slur on his reputation.他把這些話當作是對他的名譽的中傷。
  • The drug made her speak with a slur.藥物使她口齒不清。
2 originated 4da2bdaa4814c619827afaf755c19446     
v.起源于,來自,產生( originate的過去式和過去分詞 );創造;創始;開創
參考例句:
  • The disease is thought to have originated in the tropics. 這種疾病據說起源于熱帶地區。
  • The art of portrait miniatures was originated in England. 微型畫像藝術創始于英國。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
3 customary wyWxb     
adj.習慣上的,慣常的,合乎習俗的
參考例句:
  • He makes his customary visit every week.他每星期都按照慣例造訪一次。
  • It is customary with me to do so.這樣做是我的習慣。
4 slurred 01a941e4c7d84b2a714a07ccb7ad1430     
含糊地說出( slur的過去式和過去分詞 ); 含糊地發…的聲; 侮辱; 連唱
參考例句:
  • She had drunk too much and her speech was slurred. 她喝得太多了,話都說不利索了。
  • You could tell from his slurred speech that he was drunk. 從他那含糊不清的話語中你就知道他喝醉了。
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